Can You Dissolve a Pterygium?

Can You Dissolve a Pterygium?

Pterygium, a common eye condition characterized by the growth of non-cancerous tissue on the conjunctiva, can cause discomfort, irritation, and visual disturbances if left untreated. While pterygium may not always require intervention, they can be surgically removed if they become symptomatic or affect vision significantly. This procedure to remove a pterygium is most effective at alleviating the symptoms associated with the condition.


Initial Evaluation and Diagnosis

Before considering surgical intervention for a pterygium, it is crucial to undergo a comprehensive eye examination by an eye care professional. The evaluation typically includes a detailed assessment of the pterygium’s size, location, degree of irritation, impact on vision, and overall ocular health. Following a thorough examination, the eye doctor can determine the appropriate course of action, including the need for surgical removal.


Pterygium Excision: Surgical Procedure

Pterygium excision, also known as pterygium removal or resection, is a surgical procedure performed to eliminate a pterygium and restore the affected area of the conjunctiva to its normal appearance.


Anesthesia: Before the surgery begins, local anesthesia is administered to numb the eye and surrounding tissues. This ensures that the patient remains comfortable throughout the procedure.


Pterygium Removal: The surgeon carefully lifts and separates the pterygium from the underlying cornea and sclera, the white outer layer of the eye. The abnormal tissue is then excised, ensuring complete removal.


Tissue Grafting: In some cases, to prevent recurrence and promote healing, a thin piece of tissue is taken from another part of the patient’s eye or a tissue bank and grafted onto the area where the pterygium was removed.


Closure: The surgical site is meticulously closed using tiny stitches to secure the graft in place and facilitate proper healing. The stitches are typically absorbable and do not need removal.


Postoperative Care and Recovery

Following pterygium excision, it is essential to adhere to postoperative care instructions provided by the eye surgeon.

There will be eye drops or ointments prescribed to prevent infection, reduce inflammation, and promote healing.

It is important to avoid exposure to UV radiation and wear protective eyewear to shield the eyes from irritants and promote recovery.

After the surgery there will be follow-up appointments scheduled with the eye doctor to monitor healing progress, evaluate outcomes, and address any concerns.


Can You Dissolve a Pterygium At Home?

There are no treatment options to dissolve a pterygium at home, there may be eye drops used to reduce any discomfort, but these will not cause the pterygium to go away.

Any attempt to dissolve the pterygium on your own could potentially cause damage to the eyes and should be avoided completely. Instead, consult with your eye doctor about the possibility of pterygium surgery.


Expected Outcomes and Recurrence

Most patients experience significant improvement in symptoms following pterygium excision, with reduced irritation, discomfort, and cosmetic concerns. While recurrence of a pterygium is possible even after surgical removal, employing preventive measures such as regular eye exams, UV protection, and recommended eye care practices can help reduce the likelihood of recurrence.


Dr. Jorge Malouf and the staff of the Malouf Eye specialize in a variety of ophthalmologic conditions and treatments including cataract surgery, glaucoma surgery, strabismus surgery, neuro-ophthalmology exams, oculoplastics, diabetes and more.  Call our ophthalmologist in Tampa, FL today at 813-798-2020 if you are interested in learning more about if it is possible to dissolve a pterygium and treat pterygium without surgery.  Our eye doctor provides only the highest quality eye care and surgical services amongst eye doctors in the Tampa, Florida area.